US 18 – 20 1857 1¢ Franklin A5 – A7

18 19

19b20


Scott U.S. #18
Series of 1857-61 1¢ Franklin
 
Earliest Known Use: January 21, 1861
Quantity issued: Unknown
Printed by: Toppan, Carpenter & Co.
Printing Method: Flat plate
Watermark: None
Perforation: 15.5
Color: Blue
 

At the point when the world’s first postage stamps were discharged, no procurement was made for isolating the stamps from each other. Post office agents and stamp clients just cut these “imperforates” separated with scissors or tore them along the edge of a metal ruler. A gadget was required which would isolate the stamps all the more effectively and precisely.

In 1847, Irishman Henry Archer protected a machine that punched openings on a level plane and vertically between lines of stamps. Presently stamps could be isolated without cutting. Punctures empowered stamps to hold fast better to envelopes. He sold his development to the British Treasury in 1853. That same year, Great Britain created its initially punctured stamps.

The 1857-61 issues were the initially punctured U.S. stamps. Their outlines were repeated from the imperforate plates of 1851. Since the same plates were utilized, the puncture stamp sorts don’t vary much from the comparing imperforate stamps. The whole arrangement (U.S. #18-39) is noted for having restricted edges.

The Series of 1857-61 1¢ Franklin Type I stamp contains the first finish plan; nonetheless, a spot is found on the left half of the white fringe encompassing the focal vignette. A double transfer may be visible.

Scott U.S. #19
1857 1¢ Franklin
Series of 1857-1861
 
Earliest Known Use: July 26, 1857
Quantity Issued: Unknown
Printed by: Toppan, Carpenter & Co.
Printing Method: Flat plate
Watermark: none
Perforations: 15
Color: Blue
 

In his book The United States One Cent Stamp of 1851 to 1861, Mortimer Neinken composed, “The Type 1a is a rare stamp, either imperforate or punctured… ” U.S. #19 is a Type 1a stamp.

U.S. #19 was printed by Toppan, Carpenter, and Company utilizing the same plans as the 1851-8157 stamps. Since the new issues were punctured, more extensive edges were essential so another plate (#4) was made. Of the 200 stamps on the plate, just 18 positions created the Type 1a stamp. These stamps made up the base column of the plate. (Two stamps on the base column are an alternate sort.)

Likewise, plate 4 was not utilized for long. Neinken trusts it was just being used from right on time April to late December of 1857.

Sort 1a stamps can be distinguished by taking a gander at the top and base trimmings on the casing. The base trimmings are finished, however the top adornments are removed, as well as the other curved frame lines.

Scott U.S. #20
Series of 1857-61 1¢ Franklin
Type II
Earliest Known Use: July 25, 1857
Quantity issued: Unknown
Printed by: Toppan, Carpenter & Co.
Printing Method: Flat plate
Watermark: None
Perforation: 15.5
Color: Blue
 

At the point when the world’s first postage stamps were discharged, no procurement was made for isolating the stamps from each other. Post office representatives and stamp clients simply cut these “imperforates” separated with scissors or tore them along the edge of a metal ruler. A gadget was required which would isolate the stamps all the more effortlessly and precisely.

In 1847, Irishman Henry Archer protected a machine that punched openings evenly and vertically between columns of stamps. Presently stamps could be isolated without cutting. Apertures empowered stamps to hold fast better to envelopes. He sold his creation to the British Treasury in 1853. That same year, Great Britain delivered its initially punctured stamps.

The 1857-61 issues were the initially punctured U.S. stamps. Their plans were recreated from the imperforate plates of 1851. Since the same plates were utilized, the puncture stamp sorts don’t vary much from the comparing imperforate stamps. The whole arrangement (U.S. #18-39) is noted for having thin edges.

The Series of 1857-61 1¢ Franklin Type II stamp components complete top and primary concerns. Top adornments may be removed, and base of lower parchments and crest are absent.