SCOTT U.S. #1 – the 1847 5¢ Franklin
First Day of Issue: July 1, 1847
Printed by: Rawdon, Wright, Hatch & Edison
Quantity issued: 3,600,000 (estimate)
Printing Method: Flat plate in sheets of 200 subjects each
Color: Red brown
The “Father” of the American Postal Service is imagined on the first U.S. postage stamp. Innovator, logician, statesman, representative, creator, and researcher, Benjamin Franklin is credited with getting sorted out America’s postal administration in the 1700s. Delegated by the British Crown as an appointee postmaster, he significantly enhanced support of real urban areas. In 1775, he was named as the first Postmaster General. Under his course, the new Continental Post Office assumed a vital part in the Revolution.
The 1847 stamp highlights an etching which likewise showed up already on banknotes.
America’s First Postage Stamps
In the 1840s, United States postal powers were precisely viewing the world’s response to Great Britain’s Penny Black, the first glue postage stamp. A cement stamp was being considered for utilization in the U.S. At the point when Robert H. Morris, postmaster of New York, proposed issuing a temporary stamp, there were no complaints.
Morris expected the printing expense, and in 1845, the first U.S. postmaster’s temporary was issued. Different postmasters went with the same pattern, giving their own unmistakable stamps to pre-installment of mail.
After two years, the U.S. Post Office Department attempted its own officially sanctioned stamp. Rates were dictated by the weight and separation the letter was being sent. Letters sent a separation of 300 miles or less were 5¢ for every half ounce, while those sent more than 300 miles were 10¢ for every half ounce. Postage could be paid by the sender at the time the letter was sent, or by the recipient upon receipt.
At the point when postage was paid by the sender, the letter was checked “paid” by pen and ink or hand stamped. On the off chance that no such wipe out was clear, the individual getting the letter paid the postage. Examinations for exactness and records of postal incomes were for all intents and purposes outlandish. With pre-printed stamps, precise records could be kept of what number of were issued and sold. It wasn’t until 1855 that the utilization of postage stamps got to be obligatory.
An agreement was granted to a firm of certified receipt etchers for the printing of the 5¢ and 10¢ stamps. The stamps were to be accessible in significant post workplaces on July 1, 1847. Because of postponements underway, stand out office, New York City, got the stamps on that date. The stamps were delivered until 1851.
Generations (official impersonations) of both stamps were printed by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. (They were invalid for postage.) Differences from firsts include: Line of the mouth is straighter, eyes seem “drowsy,” etcher’s initials at base of stamps are fainter
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