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Series of 1851-57 3¢ Washington
Quantity issued: 20,000,000 (estimate)
Printed by: Toppan, Carpenter & Co.
Printing Method: Flat plate
Color: Orange brown
Scott U.S. #10 is the Series of 1851-57 3¢ Washington Type I. Its left shell has external lines missing while the base right shell is finished. The top external lines might likewise be fragmented. The Type I stamp can likewise be recognized by its orange cocoa shading – the Type II 3¢ Washington is dull red.
Sorts or mixed bags happen when a stamp has contrasts that shift from the way it was initially proposed to be printed. These distinctions happen when the configuration is being exchanged to the plate for printing or when lines are re-cut.
The configuration is engraved on a bite the dust – a little, level bit of steel. The outline is replicated to an exchange roll – a clear move of steel. A few impressions or “reliefs” are made on the roll. The reliefs are exchanged to the plate – an extensive, level bit of steel from which the stamps are printed. At the point when the configuration is being exchanged to the move or plate, contrasts can happen. A harmed plate or remote matter reasons contrasts. Lines re-cut on a ragged plate can bring about twofold lines.
The Series of 1851-57
In 1851, Congress diminished postal rates. These new rates for all intents and purposes disposed of separation as a component and made a requirement for new divisions. The 1¢ stamp was utilized on all mail up to 3 ounces and on “drop letters” which were sent to the same town. The single letter rate, in view of a half ounce, was changed to 3¢ for mail not over a separation of 3,000 miles. Mail surpassing this separation was brought down to 6¢. In 1855, the rate for letters more than 3,000 miles changed to 10¢.
Prepayment was still discretionary. On the off chance that postage was paid by the recipient upon receipt, the rate was higher. Because of expanded gather rates, the utilization of postage stamps was extraordinarily animated. In 1855, pre-installment was made compulsory.