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Series of 1851-57 5¢ Jefferson
Quantity issued: 150,000 (estimate)
Printed by: Toppan, Carpenter & Co.
Printing Method: Flat plate
Color: Red brown
New Denomination Introduced
In 1851, Congress lessened postal rates. These new rates essentially wiped out separation as a variable and made a requirement for new categories. The 1¢ stamp was utilized on all mail up to 3 ounces and on “drop letters” which were sent to the same town.
The single letter rate, in view of a half ounce, was changed to 3¢ for mail not over a separation of 3,000 miles. Mail surpassing this separation was brought down to 6¢. In 1855, the rate for letters more than 3,000 miles changed to 10¢.
In mid 1856, a 5¢ stamp imagining Thomas Jefferson was issued. Understudies of the Series of 1851-57 civil argument the reason for which it was issued. Some trust it was expected to fulfill the 5¢ Registry charge, while others accurately bring up the expense must be paid in real money. Another plausibility is the “boat to shore” or U.S.- British Postal Treaty charge of 5¢ for U.S. mail going through the United Kingdom and headed for particular destinations. Spreads bearing U.S. #12 were normally sent to France and Great Britain and Holland, Spain, Mexico, and Switzerland.
At the time U.S. #12 was issued, prepayment was still discretionary. In the event that postage was paid by the recipient upon receipt, the rate was higher. Because of expanded gather rates, the utilization of postage stamps was enormously invigorated. In 1855, pre-installment was made obligatory.